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Original Research

Open Access Special Issue

Comparative study between oral acetaminophen and lidocaine spray on endotracheal tube-related sore throat in adult intensive care

  • Hwee-Kheng Lim1,2,†
  • Shih-Yi Lee2,3,†
  • Che-Wei Wu3,†
  • Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai4,†
  • Yueh-Hsiu Ho5
  • Hui-Chun Ku6

1Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Taitung MacKay Memorial hospital, Taitung, Taiwan

2MacKay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing and Management, Taipei, Taiwan

3Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Taitung MacKay Memorial Hospital, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan

4Department of Medical Research, Taitung MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan

5Departments of Nursing, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Main Branch Hospital, Taiwan

6Department of Life Science, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2021.042 Vol.17,Issue 5,September 2021 pp.71-76

Submitted: 01 January 2021 Accepted: 04 February 2021

Published: 08 September 2021

*Corresponding Author(s): Hui-Chun Ku E-mail:

† These authors contributed equally.


Background/Purpose: Endotracheal tube (ETT)-related sore throat is a common source of stress in intensive care. Quantitative studies on therapy for ETT-related sore throat remain limited. The current study evaluated the therapeutic effects of oral acetaminophen (ACT) and lidocaine (LIDO) spray on pain relief for ETT-related sore throat in intensive care.

Methods: Patients who could communicate with caregivers non-verbally and who had acquired ETT-related sore throat at a medical intensive care unit (ICU) were enrolled. The medications were dispensed at the request of the patients. The intensity of ETT-related throat pain was recorded for quantitative comparison before and after patients received 500 mg of ACT orally or one dose of 10% LIDO spray locally. Before leaving the ICU, the patients were interviewed by a research nurse to assess the effect of these interventions on satisfaction with pain management for ETT-related sore throat.

Results: We enrolled 89 patients during the study period, and the intensity of ETT-related throat pain significantly decreased after treatment (6.97 in 5 min before vs. 3.60 in 120 min after oral ACT, P < 0.001; 8.56 in 5 min before vs. 4.12 in 120 min after LIDO application, P < 0.001). The degree of pain reduction over time differed between the ACT and LIDO groups. Patients in the LIDO group made more requests for additional therapy compared with patients in the ACT group (1 LIDO spray per request for an average of 4.7 requests vs. 1 ACT dose per request for an average of 1.3 requests, P < 0.001). Patients in both the ACT and LIDO groups reported high satisfaction with pain management for ETT-related sore throat (87.3 of 100 vs. 86.5 of 100, respectively, P = 0.805).

Conclusion: ACT and LIDO treatment can effectively attenuate ETT-related sore throat. Patients were highly satisfied with pain management for ETT-related sore throat after both oral ACT and local LIDO application.


Endotracheal tube; Intensive care; Pain management; Quality of care

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Hwee-Kheng Lim,Shih-Yi Lee,Che-Wei Wu,Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai,Yueh-Hsiu Ho,Hui-Chun Ku. Comparative study between oral acetaminophen and lidocaine spray on endotracheal tube-related sore throat in adult intensive care. Signa Vitae. 2021. 17(5);71-76.


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