Comparison of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on preventing contrast-induced-nephropathy in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention: A multi-centric randomized triple-blind clinical trial
1Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2Cardiology Department, Imam Reza & Ghaem Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4Cardiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
DOI: 10.22514/sv.2020.16.0083 Vol.17,Issue 1,January 2021 pp.44-50
Published: 08 January 2021
Background: Patients with Contrast-Induced-Nephropathy (CIN) are at a greater risk of in-hospital complications, longer hospitalization, and long-term mortality in comparison with those without CIN. Despite many studies on the helpful effects of statins in preventing contrast-nephropathy, there is not enough evidence comparing different statins in inhibiting CIN. So, we planned this study to compare the efficacy of rosuvastatin and atorvastatin in prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial. The efficacy of two known statins, atorvastatin and rosuvastatin were compared in prevention of CIN in patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) who underwent Primary Percutaneous Intervention (PPCI) between May 2015 and April 2016 in Qaem and Imam Reza hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Subjects were divided randomly to 80-mg atorvastatin or 40-mg rosuvastatin group before PPCI. Participants’ characteristics including echocardiographic, laboratory and demographic data were recorded and incidence of CIN was assessed. Results: Two hundred cases with STEMI undergoing PPCI were recruited in the study and randomized to 80-mg atorvastatin (n = 98) or 40-mg rosuvastatin (n = 102) group before PPCI. The incidence of CIN was 5.67% (n = 13) in all participants; 6.3% (n = 7) in the rosuvastatin group and 5.1% (n = 6) in the atorvastatin group. There was a significant difference between creatinine and Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) after 48 hours of PPCI. Creatinine was lower and GFR was higher in the rosuvastatin group (P = 0.029, P = 0.005). Conclusion: There was a little trend for prevention of CIN in patients after PPCI in rosuvastatin group compared to atorvastatin group, in full dose. However, this preference was not clinically relevant.
Rosuvastatin; Atorvastatin; Primary percutaneous coronary intervention; ST elevation myocardial infarction
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