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Original Research

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Preoperative Clinical Neurological Assessment in New-borns with Critical Congenital Heart Disease

  • Lozar Krivec J1
  • Kosmač B2
  • Paro-Panjan D1

1Division of Paediatrics, Department of Neonatology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia

2Department of Paediatric Cardiology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Germany

DOI: 10.22514/sv.2020.16.0067 Vol.16,Issue 2,October 2020 pp.29-36

Published: 28 October 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Paro-Panjan D E-mail: darja.paro@gmail.com

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate preoperative neurological abnormalities in term newborns with critical congenital heart disease (CHD) and to study relationships among the neurological abnormalities, CHD type and clinical characteristics in the group. Methods: Term newborns with critical CHD without genetic disorders were retrospectively studied. Neurological abnormalities were grouped according to Amiel-Tison neurological assessment (ATNA). CHD was categorized into five subgroups according to the physiological presentation. Results: In the period observed 190 newborns with critical CHD were admitted. Of 134 who met the inclusion criteria, ATNA was optimal in 64%; in 28.5% it was mildly, in 6.5% moderately, and in 1% severely abnormal. The difference in the frequency of abnormal ATNA between the five CHD subgroups was not statistically significant (p = 0.098). A weak association was identified between CHD subgroups and an abnormal ATNA (contingency coefficient 0.246). Newborns with abnormal ATNA had more often SpO2 < 92% (p = 0.028) and abnormal results of cerebral ultrasound (p = 0.001). Conclusion: This study establishes the value of Amiel-Tison standardized neurological examination in assessing the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders among newborns with CHD. We found preoperative neurological abnormalities in one-third of newborns with CHD, and the grade of abnormalities was generally mild or moderate. Newborns with an abnormal ATNA more frequently presented an oxygen saturation < 92% and abnormal results on the cranial ultrasound.

Key words

Congenital heart disease, Amiel-Tison neurological assessment, Newborn

Cite And Share

Lozar Krivec J,Kosmač B,Paro-Panjan D. Preoperative Clinical Neurological Assessment in New-borns with Critical Congenital Heart Disease. Signa Vitae. 2020. 16(2);29-36.

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