The most common conditions in children that require haemodialysis
1Paediatric Clinic, Clinical Centre of the University of Sarajevo, Patriotske lige 83, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Paediatric Surgery Clinic, Clinical Centre of the University of Sarajevo, Bolnička 25, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
DOI: 10.22514/SV101.062015.6 Vol.10,Issue S1,June 2015 pp.27-28
Published: 22 June 2015
Haemodialysis is a fast and efficient meth-od for removing toxins from the body in a straightforward manner. This has been a regular practice at the Paediatric Clinic in Sarajevo, Department of Paediatric In-tensive Therapy since January 2009. By December 2014 there were 34 patients treated by haemodialysis, who had un-dergone 253 haemodialyses in total. There were 18 (52.9%) primary nephrologic pa-tients, while 16 (41.05%) were patients whose renal failure was caused by other etiology. The main objective of this paper is to present the most common conditions in childhood that require haemodialysis in its treatment. The Department of Paediat-ric Intensive Therapy for this period had hospitalized 1,226 patients in total. Out of this number 2.77% of patients required the application of haemodialysis in their treat-ment.
The results show that the most common renal causes to perform haemodialysis are: haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), chronic renal failure, nephrotic syndrome and congenital bilateral nephrolithiasis. For the others, the most common non-renal causes are multiple organ dysfunc-tion syndrome (MODS) that occurs as a result of cardiac insufficiency, hepatic in-sufficiency or after surgeries, as well as in hemato-oncologic diseases.
VERICA MIŠANOVIĆ,FEDŽAT JONUZI,MIRZA HALIMIĆ,ASMIR JONUZI,JOVANA PANIĆ,SAMRA RAHMANOVIĆ,SELMA DIZDAR. The most common conditions in children that require haemodialysis . Signa Vitae. 2015. 10(S1);27-28.
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